The lighting layout should not be chaotic and complicated. When there are spotlights, downlights, lanterns, chandeliers, wall lights in a house, and they are widely distributed, it will make people dazzled. The creation of a good indoor light environment requires good planning: correct positioning of lamps and people-oriented lighting.
10 procedures should be paid attention to when arranging the indoor lighting environment:
- Define the purpose and purpose of lighting facilities.
- Determine the appropriate illumination.
- Lighting quality.
- Select the light source.
- Determine the lighting method.
- Selection of illuminators (lamps).
- Determine the location of the illuminator.
- Electrical design.
- Maintenance and protection.
- Matters to be considered when designing.
The following is a detailed introduction to the reasonable selection of lights and lamps in the living room with different functions.
The lighting in the corridor should be placed at the entrance, exit and closet of the room, especially the starting and directional positions of the stairs. The lighting of the stairs should be bright to avoid danger. The hallway needs plenty of light, and you can use a light with a dimming device to adjust the intensity of the light at any time. Emergency lighting equipment is also indispensable to prevent emergencies in the event of a power outage.
The living room is a common activity place for the family. It has various functions such as meeting guests, audio-visual, reading, and games. It needs a variety of lighting to fully cooperate. The style of the living room lamps is an important manifestation of the owner's taste and style. Therefore, the lighting lamps in the living room should be in harmony with other furniture to create a good reception environment and home atmosphere.
If the living room is large (more than 20 square meters) and the floor height is more than 3 meters, it is advisable to choose a larger multi-head chandelier. The chandelier has a great impact on the overall style of the living room due to its bright lighting and eye-catching style.
In the living room with low height and small area, ceiling lamps should be selected, because the light source is about 2.3 meters away from the ground, and the lighting effect is the best. If the room is only about 2.5 meters, the height of the lamp itself should be about 20 cm. Dome lights can achieve a good overall lighting effect. Spotlights can create a unique environment and can be placed around the chandelier or on the upper part of the furniture, allowing the light to directly shine on the items that need to be emphasized, achieving a focused and rich artistic effect.
The bedroom is a private space for the owner to rest. Deep-covered and translucent lamps with less glare should be selected. Three switches can be set at the entrance and beside the bed. The color of the light is preferably neutral or warm such as orange and light yellow, which helps to create a comfortable and warm atmosphere. In addition to choosing the main lamp, there should also be table lamps, floor lamps, wall lamps, etc., to play the role of local lighting and decoration and beautify the small environment.
The bathroom needs bright and soft light, and the ceiling light should be avoided to be attached to the upper part of the bathtub. Due to the high humidity in the room, the lamps and lanterns should be moisture-proof, preferably made of plastic or glass, and the lampshade should also be sealed. The waterproof ceiling light can be used as the main light and the spotlight as the auxiliary light, or multiple spotlights can be directly used to illuminate from different angles, bringing a rich sense of hierarchy to the bathroom.
There are generally three functional areas in the bathroom: the sink, the toilet and the shower area, and different lighting arrangements can be used in different functional areas. The lighting design of the washbasin is more diverse, but it mainly highlights the functionality. Spotlights or fluorescent lamps can be installed above and around the mirror to facilitate grooming and shaving. The light in the shower room or bathtub can be set in two forms, one can be illuminated by the light from the spotlight on the ceiling, making it convenient for the owner to take a bath, and the other can use the low light to create a warm and relaxing atmosphere. The style of the bathroom can be changed dramatically, because the different exposures of the light can create different interest.
In addition to arranging table lamps in the study, general lighting should be set to reduce indoor brightness contrast and avoid fatigue. The study lighting is mainly used for reading and writing. The function of the light should be considered. The style should be simple and generous. The light should be soft and bright to avoid glare, so that people can study and work comfortably.
The light fixtures in the kitchen must be bright enough to allow the cook to operate at will. In addition to the installation of anti-fume ceiling lamps with scattered light, the kitchen should also install wall lamps or lamps that take care of the work surface according to the layout of the stove. The location of installing lamps should be as far away from the stove as possible, avoid steam and oil fumes, and use safety sockets. The shape of the lamps should be as simple as possible to facilitate cleaning.
In an open kitchen, since the kitchen is connected to the dining room, the lighting setup is a little more complicated. Generally speaking, bright lights can set off the attractive color of the food, so the lighting of the restaurant is usually composed of the main light directly above the table and one or two auxiliary lights. The former is installed on the ceiling, the light source is downward; the latter can be installed on the stove, in the cupboard, next to the refrigerator, and in the wine cabinet as needed. Among them, the lighting intensity in decorative cabinets and wine cabinets should be able to emphasize the furnishings in the cabinets without affecting the external environment.
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